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Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:121:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/contrib-stable/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:130:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:121:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/contrib-stable/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:154:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:138:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/contrib-stable/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:151:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter_term_node_tid::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:143:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/contrib-stable/views/modules/taxonomy/views_handler_filter_term_node_tid.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:102:\"Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options()\";s:5:\"%file\";s:126:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/contrib-stable/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:130:\"Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:116:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/contrib-stable/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:126:\"Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:116:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/contrib-stable/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:100:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/contrib-stable/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:906;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:78:\"Non-static method PEAR_ErrorStack::singleton() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:103:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/civicrm/packages/PEAR/ErrorStack.php\";s:5:\"%line\";i:983;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

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Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:78:\"Non-static method PEAR_ErrorStack::singleton() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:93:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/civicrm/CRM/Core/Error.php\";s:5:\"%line\";i:625;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:74:\"Non-static method PEAR::setErrorHandling() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:94:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/civicrm/CRM/Core/Config.php\";s:5:\"%line\";i:183;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

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Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:74:\"Non-static method PEAR::setErrorHandling() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:93:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/civicrm/CRM/Core/Error.php\";s:5:\"%line\";i:567;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './archive_cnu/watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:74:\"Non-static method PEAR::setErrorHandling() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:93:\"/var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/sites/cnu.civicactions.net/modules/civicrm/CRM/Core/Error.php\";s:5:\"%line\";i:567;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cnu.org/cnu-salons/2012/08/maybe-character-shouldnt-count', '', '3.236.83.14', 1718225974) in /var/www/archive.cnu.org/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135
Maybe Character Shouldn't Count | Congress for the New Urbanism

Maybe Character Shouldn't Count

MLewyn's picture

A common justification for downzoning is "community character' - the idea that a given place has a (usually suburban) character, and that this "character" justifies legal rules freezing the status quo in place.

But when city councils adopt this principle, they freeze sprawl in place forever, and make it impossible to increase a city's housing supply, thus increasing housing prices.  Moreover, if new households are kept out of neighborhood A due to concerns about "character", they have to move someplace else, usually changing the other place's "community character."  So from the standpoint of the region as a whole, reliance on "community character" is not rational.

But can anything be done about such NIMBY-oriented regulations?  It seems to me that municipal legislators have a strong incentive to listen to their constituents rather than doing what is good for the city as a whole.  So the state should act- either through legislation barring reliance on this argument, or through judicial action.  Judges generally uphold any zoning decision that has a "rational basis"; an intelligent state appellate court could hold that this particular rationale for zoning decisions is simply irrational.

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